radiation exposure and radioactivity from stone crushers
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radiation exposure and radioactivity from stone crushers

Assessment of Radiation Exposure and Radioactivity from ...

The highest exposure rates were 14 μSv/h near the delay tank, which rapidly decreased on moving to the surrounding. Conclusion: Our study indicates that the addition of the dilution method and close monitoring may significantly reduce the radiation exposure and overall radioactivity release from the facility. Old facilities that do not have ...

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Assessment of radiation exposure and radioactivity from ...

The highest exposure rates were 14 μSv/h near the delay tank, which rapidly decreased on moving to the surrounding. Conclusion: Our study indicates that the addition of the dilution method and close monitoring may significantly reduce the radiation exposure and overall radioactivity release from the facility.

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An Assessment of the Potential Radiation Exposure from ...

2004-7-30  An Assessment of the Potential Radiation Exposure from Residual Radioactivity in Scrap Metal for Recycling scrap metal Sang-Yoon Lee and Kun-Jai Lee Korea Advanced Institute of Science Technology Won-Zin Oh Korea Atomic Energy Institute Abstract With current waste monitoring technology it is reasonable to assume that much of the

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Natural Radioactivity in Building Materials US EPA

2021-2-18  Some building materials, such as granite, brick, marble and other items, contain natural radioactivity. The amount of radioactivity in building materials depends on the type of material, but the amount of radiation released from these materials is typically very, very low. Many homes contain decorative rock and stone, such as granite and marble.

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Natural Radioactivity Levels and Estimation of Radiation ...

2013-12-24  Natural radioactivity is a source of continuous exposure to human beings. It is present in the human environment due to the presence of cosmogenic and primordial radio- nuclides in the Earth’s crust. Natural environmental ra- dioactivity and the associated external exposure due to gamma radiation depend primarily on the geological and

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Radiation From Granite Countertops Fact Sheet

2017-3-10  1 . Radiation From Granite Countertops . Information Sheet . Summary: Assuming a relatively tight house with an air change rate of 0.5 per hour (h-1) and using average measured dose rates from granite countertop slabs, the estimated radon concentration in kitchen air would be

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(PDF) Natural radioactivity levels in granite regions of ...

The Annual effective dose due to natural background gamma radiation exposure in the Hassan city and its surrounding Taluks is calculated and found to be 0.67 mSv.y-1 2.90 mSv.y-1with mean value ...

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Measurement of natural radioactivity of Iranian granite ...

2019-7-18  Any exposure to ionizing radiation can cause undesirable biological effects. To estimate the direct radiation exposure to the public, an accurate investigation of the natural radioactivity level from building materials is required. Granite stone contains primordial radionuclides and commonly used as a decorative material in dwellings. In this paper, the radioactivity contents of 48 granite ...

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Background Radiation Measurement and the Assessment of ...

2018-5-3  where, N b is the count due to background radiation in the associated photopeak, T b is the counting time (s) for the empty container used for background measurement and k is the factor that converts count per second to activity

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11.3 Units of Radioactivity The Basics of General ...

The actual effects of radioactivity and radiation exposure on a person’s health depend on the type of radioactivity, the length of exposure, and the tissues exposed. Table 11.4 “Effects of Short-Term Exposure to Radioactivity and Radiation” lists the potential threats to health at various amounts of exposure over short periods of time ...

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Natural radioactivity distribution and gamma radiation ...

Natural radioactivity distribution and gamma radiation exposure of beach sands from Sithonia Peninsula Figure 1. Geological map of Sithonia Peninsula including the sampling sites (modified map ...

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Natural Radioactivity Concentration and Estimation of ...

2014-9-1  1 Natural radioactivity exists widely in the terrestrial environment. There are many sources of radiation and radioactivity in the environment. Gamma radiation emitted from naturally occurring radionuclides, also called terrestrial background radiation, represent the main external source of irradiation of the human body.

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Low-level radiations exposure from building materials of ...

[en] The main sources of low-level radiation exposure from radon and its progeny are the ground underneath the building, the building materials, the water supply, the gas supply and the air outside. Building materials are the main source of radon inside buildings and most popular among them are soil bricks, different type of stones, core sand, stone dust, crushed stones and cement etc.

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Radiation Studies - CDC: Radiation from Building Materials

2015-12-7  How much radiation exposure can I get from building materials? Building materials that are made up of sandstone, concrete, brick, natural stone, gypsum, and granite are highly unlikely to contain radioactive material that will increase radiation dose above the low levels of background radiation

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Radiation in Everyday Life IAEA

2 天前  The radiation exposure due to cosmic rays is very dependent on altitude, and slightly on latitude: people who travel by air, thereby, increase their exposure to radiation. We are exposed to ionizing radiation from natural sources in two ways: We are surrounded by naturally-occurring radioactive elements in the soil and stones, and are bathed ...

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Radioactivity concentration variation with depth and ...

2015-4-1  H in is used to quantify internal exposure and is defined as (Abbady, 2005, Avwiri et al., 2013, Beretka and Mathew, 1985, Hrichi et al., 2013, Jibiri and Temaugee, 2013). (8) H i n = A R a 185 + A T h 259 + A K 4810. The values of the indices (H ex, H in) must be less than unity for the radiation hazard to be negligible (Agbalagba et al., 2012 ...

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Possible Health Effects of Radiation Exposure and ...

2018-4-4  Prenatal Radiation Exposure. It is especially important that pregnant women follow instructions from emergency officials and seek medical attention as soon as emergency officials say it is safe to do so after a radiation emergency. Mental Health. Any emergency, including those involving radiation, can cause emotional and psychological distress.

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Assessment of Natural Radioactivity Levels and Radiation ...

2015-3-26  The exposure of the public to natural sources of radiation has been estimated by the [2] UNSCEAR, 1988 which concluded an effective average annual dose equivalent to 2.4 mSv y −1 per person. In soil, the natural radioactivity concentrations determine both

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Radioactivity in the environment and radiation exposure of ...

Annual report on radiation exposure of the population of the Slovenian Radiation Protection Administration. On the basis of the radioactivity measurements from the national monitoring network, an effective dose is calculated for the most exposed population groups, i.e. for adults and children of different age groups (infants, children of 7–12 years of age).

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Backgrounder on Biological Effects of Radiation NRC.gov

2020-7-8  Exposure to adults working with radioactive materials must be below 5,000 mrem (50 mSv) per year. NRC's radiation exposure limits are contained in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 20. Biological Effects of Radiation. We tend to think of the effects of radiation

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The Truth about Granite Countertops and Radiation

2020-1-3  Other radiation. While radon is the immediate concern of alarmists regarding granite countertops, other types of radiation might come from granite and other natural stones. They might emit very low levels of beta and gamma radiation, which dissipates

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Radiation Exposure and Mortality from Cardiovascular ...

2018-5-31  Understanding space radiation health effects is critical due to potential increased morbidity and mortality following spaceflight. We evaluated whether there is evidence for excess cardiovascular ...

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How to protect yourself from nuclear radiation

2019-9-3  On Aug. 8, residents of Severodvinsk, Russia, witnessed a tremendous explosion. Experts across the world are still trying to piece together exactly what happened—and Russian media outlets are ...

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Doses in Our Daily Lives NRC.gov

2021-5-13  Doses in Our Daily Lives. On average, Americans receive a radiation dose of about 0.62 rem (620 millirem) each year. Half of this dose comes from natural background radiation. Most of this background exposure comes from radon in the air, with smaller

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The Facts about Granite and Radiation - KNC Granite

2016-6-3  The amount of radiation in granite is much lower than the radiation exposure from smoke detectors, X-rays, and the luminous dials in watches. According to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the average person typically absorbs approximately 360 milliliter of radiation

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Natural Radioactivity Levels and Estimation of Radiation ...

2011-12-15  The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides namely 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs are measured for soil samples collected from different locations of Tulkarem district in West Back-Palestine. High-resolution gamma spectrometry (HPGe detector) was used to determine the activity concentration of these radionuclides in 72 surface soil samples taken from areas in and surrounding

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ASSESSING EXPOSURE TO RADON AND RADIATION

2019-10-24  environment that we are exposed to every day, with most of our exposure arising from soil, cosmic and internal sources. The elements that produce radon gas and ionizing radiation are of course natural and are minor constituents of many common building materials such as concrete, brick, gypsum and natural stone. To address any potential

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Natural radioactivity and radiation exposure at the ...

In this paper the results of studies on activity and ambient radiation background around the Minjingu phosphate mine in Tanzania are presented. The outdoor dose rate in air and the activity levels of samples from and outside the mine were determined by thermoluminiscent dosimeters and a gamma spectrometer system with a Hyper Pure germanium detector system respectively.

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The Facts about Granite and Radiation - KNC Granite

2016-6-3  The amount of radiation in granite is much lower than the radiation exposure from smoke detectors, X-rays, and the luminous dials in watches. According to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the average person typically absorbs approximately 360 milliliter of radiation

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ASSESSING EXPOSURE TO RADON AND RADIATION

2019-5-31  Appendix A Stone Numbers and Corresponding Stone Type . LIST OF TABLES . Table 3.1 CONTAM Model Template Information . Table 3.2 Limits for Annual Dose of Radiation (mSv a-1) in Excess of Background Published by National and International Organizations . Table 4.1 Modeling of Exposure Rate and Effective Dose in a Model Kitchen

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Measurement of environmental radioactivity for estimation ...

Radioactivity, natural and man made, is omnipresent in the earth's crust in different amounts. The soil on the earth's crust is a source of continuous exposure to human beings. The amount of radioactivity in soil depends upon the type of soil and its uses.

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Nuclear Radiation and Health Effects - Physics 122

2015-10-5  Nuclear Radiation and Health Effects (Updated June 2010) z Natural sources account for most of the radiation we all receive each year. z The nuclear fuel cycle does not give rise to significant radiation exposure for members of the public. z Radiation protection standards assume that any dose of radiation, no matter how small, involves a possible risk to human health.

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Estimation of the Radiation Hazard Indices from the ...

2014-10-28  XI Radiation Physics Protection Conference, 25-28 November 2012, Nasr City - Cairo, Egypt Estimation of the Radiation Hazard Indices from the Natural Radioactivity of Building Materials. Shams A.M. Issaa, M.A.M. Uosif a, M.A. Hefnib, A.H. El-Kamelb and Asmaa Makramb

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Natural environmental radioactivity and estimation of ...

2013-8-5  The study was conducted for the investigation of amount of radioactivity in the barren and cultivated soil of Bio saline Research Station in Pakka Anna, established by Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) in 1990, 34 km. away from the city of Faisalabad, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The studies were done on an area of about 100 hectares of two types of virgin and ...

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Study on external exposure doses from terrestrial ...

2005-9-5  The focus, from the radiation protection viewpoint, is to study the activity concentrations of naturally occurring radionuclides in surface soils and the extent of their exposure to the population. The interest in these types of studies has led to many researches into natural environmental radioactivity (

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The DOE Ionizing Radiation Dose Ranges Chart

2018-1-19  radiation exposure quantity that is useful in some instances, but is not used for the Dose Ranges Chart – the effective dose. Much research has also been devoted to determining radiation sensitivities for risk of cancer in the different tissues and organs of the human body, and this information has been used to produce a list of Tissue Weighting

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Radiation Exposure to Natural Radioactivity in Crude Oil ...

In this research work radiological hazards and risks to members of the public and workers from exposure to natural radioactivity as a result of crude oil production activities and waste generation from the Saltpond and Jubilee oilfields of Ghana, have been investigated via several exposure pathways using alpha spectrometry after radiochemical separation, nondestructive gamma spectrometry ...

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Investigations of Radon Exhalation Rates, Natural ...

2019-7-1  radioactivity present in rocks having high radiation levels are associated with granites. Studies of radon exhalation from building material, is important for the estimation of public exposure as people spend most of their time ( 80%) indoors. In the present study, measurement of radon exhalation rates

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The presence of radioactive heavy minerals in prospecting ...

2021-3-31  1. Introduction. The radioactivity of the living environment is contributed to by terrestrial and extra-terrestrial sources. Terrestrial natural radionuclides (238 U, 232 Th and their progeny, and 40 K) exist in all ground formations, forming the main sources of external gamma radiation exposure to humans [1–3].Extra-terrestrial sources such as cosmogenic radionuclides (36 Cl, 32 Si, 26 Al ...

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